One of the things a trustee has to deal with in his or her practice is the misinformation given out about bankruptcy.
Some of the worst offenders are the media.
The following are some of the common bankruptcy myths I have had to dispel:
Canadian Bankruptcy Myths – MYTH #1: I will never get credit again.
This is not true! In fact, recently discharged bankrupts are likely to have an easier chance of qualifying for a loan or other credit as they have no debt. Bankruptcy is meant to give a debtor a fresh start, and the ability to get new credit is part of this fresh start.
Please refer to this list of Lending Companies, in every province in Canada, for a credit card, personal loan, car loan or home mortgage.
Canadian Bankruptcy Myths – MYTH #2: Everyone will know I’ve gone bankrupt.
Not true! Most of the people who file bankruptcy are good, honest, hard-working people who file as a last resort after months or years struggling to pay the bills left over from some catastrophic event or set of circumstances.
It can be because of a divorce, the loss of a job, a failed business venture, a serious illness, or some family emergency, or because the person honestly and mistakenly fell into debt at a young age before they knew better, and before they knew anything about budgeting or how to manage money.
The bankruptcy laws in Canada have been designed so that a debtor may receive an honest and legal elimination of their debts, while still protecting the debtors’ creditors.
More than 122,000 people filed a bankruptcy or a consumer proposal in 2015.
MYTH #5: If I have a financial problem I’m better off going to a non profit credit counsellor because they are completely independent, impartial and have my best interest at heart.
Not true! “Non Profit” Credit Counselling Agencies are not independent and impartial. They are funded by credit grantors and may have a conflict of interest in giving impartial advice as outlined by these organizations.
A recent Consumer Affairs Canada Report on the Canadian Credit Counselling Industry warns that some non-profit credit counsellors may advise only those solutions that bring in funding via commissions or donations from creditors.
MYTH #6: If I file for bankruptcy it’s going to affect my spouse who has her own job and is in no way responsible for my debt.
Not true! A bankruptcy will only affect the person filing and not in any way reflect on the spouse, including the spouse’s credit rating, if the spouse is not responsible for any of the debt.
MYTH #7: Income taxes cannot be erased in a bankruptcy.
Not true! Income taxes and almost all other debts are erased in a bankruptcy. Most debtors who file bankruptcy will be discharged from bankruptcy nine months from when they filed bankruptcy. When a person is discharged from bankruptcy all of their debts will be eliminated, with some minor exceptions.
MYTH #8: If you file for bankruptcy it may cause more family troubles and may even lead to divorce.
Not true!Usually, it works just the opposite. Filing bankruptcy is not the problem. The problem is not being able to pay your bills. All good, honest, hard-working people feel a strong need to pay their bills, and not being able to do so causes them to feel tremendous stress.
Bankruptcy starts to relieve the stress because as soon as bankruptcy is filed there is an immediate stay of proceedings.
That means creditors cannot take any action to seize assets, other than those signed over as security in the event of non-payment.
Nor can creditors seek a court order to garnishee wages. Collection calls also stop once the debt collector knows the individual has filed for bankruptcy.
If your experience is like that of other couples, you will find that filing bankruptcy will lower the stress level on the marriage and give your marriage a fighting chance.
MYTH #9: You will never be able to own anything again.
Not true! Once you receive your discharge from bankruptcy, usually in nine months, there are no restrictions on you at all. You can buy, own and possess whatever you can afford. Even if you win the lottery it is yours to keep with no obligation to repay any of your past creditors.
MYTH #10: There are so many restrictions on a person who is in bankruptcy that it is not worth going bankrupt or filing a proposal.
A person who is filing bankruptcy for the first time will be discharged from bankruptcy in 9 months.
While in bankruptcy the debtor must make a monthly payment to the trustee, not hold any credit cards, cannot act as a companies’ director, will borrow no more $500 unless they notify the lender they are bankrupt, attend two counselling sessions and they will be required to report their monthly income and expenses to their trustee.
Most people will never know that you have filed for bankruptcy.
In the most common type of personal bankruptcy, a creditors’ meeting is not held unless requested by the Official Receiver (Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy) or by creditors.
MYTH #11: It costs too much to go bankrupt. I can’t afford it.
MYTH #12: I don’t want to go bankrupt so I will have to see a credit counsellor; besides they are well trained, highly qualified and government regulated, so I am protected.
Not true! A recent Consumer Affairs Canada Report on the Canadian Credit Counselling Industry warns that a lack of regulation of the industry makes consumers vulnerable to receiving poor advice from untrained or poorly qualified counsellors.
MYTH #13: You only see a trustee if you are going to go bankrupt.
Not true! Trustees have a number of ways to help people suffering a financial crisis. These can include credit counselling, refinancing, budgeting and making settlement offers or proposals. Most trustee in bankruptcy will give you a free initial consultation.
Trustees in bankruptcy are highly trained professionals with a stringent code of ethics who will give you the best advice they can, even if it means you do not use their services. All trustees have at times: