How to File for Bankruptcy in New Brunswick

The economic landscape can be unpredictable, and it’s not uncommon for individuals to find themselves in a financial bind. If you’re a resident of New Brunswick and struggling with financial debt, you may have contemplated filing for bankruptcy. This article will provide a comprehensive guide on How to File for Bankruptcy in New Brunswick.

Bankruptcy is a legal process that provides relief to people who can’t meet their financial obligations. Once you file for bankruptcy, your unsecured debtors are legally prevented from attempting to collect their debts. This means an end to collection calls, wage garnishments, and lawsuits to recover what you owe.

Positive Implications

The most significant advantage of bankruptcy is the potential for a fresh start. Upon discharge, which typically happens within nine months for first-time filers, all of your unsecured debts are erased. This fresh start allows you to focus on rebuilding your financial health.

Another upside to bankruptcy is the financial counseling you’ll receive. This training will equip you with budgeting techniques and other tools to help you manage your finances better and avoid falling into debt again in the future.

Negative Implications

Despite its advantages, bankruptcy should be considered a last resort due to its long-term effects. The most significant impact is on your credit rating. A bankruptcy filing results in an R9 rating – the lowest possible – which remains on your credit report for six years after discharge.

When to Seek Bankruptcy Advice and Services

The right time to seek bankruptcy advice is as soon as you notice financial problems. These issues could include missing monthly mortgage payments or maxing out your credit cards regularly. Remember, you don’t have to wait until collection agencies are calling or your wages are being garnished to seek help. The sooner you seek professional help, the more options you may have available to you.

Where to Get Bankruptcy Help

The first step in filing for bankruptcy is contacting a Licensed Insolvency Trustee (LIT). These professionals are regulated by the Canadian federal government and are the only ones authorized to assist Canadian debtors with filing for bankruptcy or Consumer Proposals.

In your initial free consultation, the LIT will review your financial circumstances, advise you of all debt relief options available, and provide expert and unbiased advice on the best solution for you and your family. However, the final decision on how you proceed with debt relief is yours.

The Bankruptcy Process in New Brunswick

Filing for bankruptcy in New Brunswick involves the following steps:

  1. Consultation with a Licensed Insolvency Trustee: During this meeting, you’ll provide information about your financial situation. The trustee will then explain your options, which may include alternatives to bankruptcy.
  2. Filing the Necessary Documents: If bankruptcy is your best option, the trustee will prepare the necessary documents, which you must sign. The trustee then files these documents with the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB).
  3. Notifying Creditors: The OSB notifies your creditors of your bankruptcy. Once notified, they cannot initiate or continue any collection actions against you.
  4. Liquidation of Assets: The trustee sells your non-exempt assets to repay your creditors. In New Brunswick, some assets are exempt from liquidation, including necessary clothing, furniture, and appliances up to a certain value; tools of trade up to a certain value; one motor vehicle up to a certain value; and more.
  5. Attending Bankruptcy Counseling Sessions: You’re required to attend two financial counseling sessions. These sessions help you understand the causes of your bankruptcy and how to manage your finances in the future.
  6. Discharge from Bankruptcy: If this is your first bankruptcy and you’ve completed all your duties, you can be discharged in nine months.


Bankruptcy is a significant decision that can have long-lasting implications. However, in some cases, it may be the best option to reset your financial situation and start afresh. If you’re considering bankruptcy, it’s crucial to seek professional advice to understand all your options and the implications of each. Remember, financial hardship is a common occurrence, and there are resources available to help you navigate through it.

If you’re grappling with the question of How to File for Bankruptcy in New Brunswick, don’t hesitate to seek help from a Licensed Insolvency Trustee. They can provide the guidance you need to make the best decision for your financial future.

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