Does a Small Business Bankruptcy Affect Me Personally?

The Impact of Small Business Bankruptcy on Personal Finances

‍As a small business owner, one of the most pressing questions you might have when faced with bankruptcy is, “Does a Small Business Bankruptcy Affect Me Personally?” This question is not only valid but is crucial in understanding the broader implications of a corporate insolvency.

The Nature of Businesses and Bankruptcy

Small businesses come in different forms, ranging from sole proprietorships and partnerships to incorporated entities. Each of these business types has its nuances when it comes to bankruptcy and how it impacts the business owner.

Sole Proprietorship and Bankruptcy

If your business operates as a sole proprietorship, the line between your personal and business finances is blurred. In legal terms, you and your business are considered a single entity. This means that declaring bankruptcy for your business is essentially the same as filing for personal bankruptcy.

Partnerships and Bankruptcy

Similarly, in a partnership, the partners are personally liable for the business’s debts. If the business cannot fulfill its financial obligations and declares bankruptcy, the partners are required to cover the debts from their personal assets.

Incorporated Businesses and Bankruptcy

On the other hand, an incorporated business is a separate legal entity from its owners. In general, the personal assets of the company’s owners or shareholders are not at risk if the company goes bankrupt. However, there are exceptions to this, particularly when the business owner has personally guaranteed the company’s debts.

Personal Guarantees and Bankruptcy

Many financial institutions, landlords, and suppliers often require business owners to personally guarantee the debts of the company. In this case, if the company cannot meet its financial obligations, the business owner becomes personally liable. This means that the business owner’s assets could be seized to settle the company’s debts.

Legal Obligations and Bankruptcy

In addition to personal guarantees, certain laws make the director of a corporation personally liable for specific company debts. For instance, under the Income Tax Act in some regions, the director of a corporation can be held personally responsible for unpaid employee source deductions or HST. Likewise, directors are also personally liable for unpaid wages or vacation pay in some provinces.

The Impact on Credit Score

A common misconception is that a small business bankruptcy will affect the business owner’s credit rating. Generally, a company’s bankruptcy does not affect the credit rating of the business owner, especially if the company is an incorporated entity. However, this changes if the business is a sole proprietorship or partnership, where the bankruptcy could potentially harm the owner’s credit score.

Getting Professional Advice

If you’re grappling with the question, “Does a Small Business Bankruptcy Affect Me Personally?”, it’s advisable to seek professional advice. A Licensed Insolvency Trustee can provide you with valuable insights into your situation. They can review the financial situation of your business, discuss your options, and guide you in making an informed decision.


Bankruptcy is a complex process with significant implications for both the business and the business owner. The impact of a small business bankruptcy on the business owner depends on several factors, including the type of business, whether the owner has personally guaranteed any company debts, and the specific laws in your region. If you’re a small business owner facing bankruptcy, it’s crucial to understand these aspects and seek professional advice to navigate this challenging situation.

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