Personal Loans Between Friends And Family

The Complexities of Personal Loans Between Friends and Family: A Comprehensive Guide

When it comes to Personal Loans Between Friends and Family What Happens it’s a question that often arises when financial aid is extended to loved ones. While it’s a natural instinct to help in times of need, the ramifications if the loan isn’t repaid can be complex.

Part 1: The Nature of the Loan

1.1 Defining a “Genuine” Loan

Firstly, let’s consider the nature of the loan. Is it a real loan, complete with a loan agreement, interest rates, and regular repayment schedules? Or is it a less formal arrangement with no documentation or interest, and no obligation for repayment?

1.2 Implications of a Genuine Loan

In the case of a genuine loan, if the debtor files for bankruptcy or a consumer proposal, the debt is treated just like any other and will receive a portion of the distribution to creditors.

1.3 Implications of an Informal Loan

More often, loans between family and friends are informal, with no agreement, no interest, and no payment schedule. In such scenarios, the bankruptcy trustee might not allow a claim for the debt.

Part 2: The Hierarchy of Debt Repayment

2.1 Family Debts Ranking

Even when the debt claim from a family member is accepted, it may still rank after all other debts. This is because debts due to relatives cannot be settled until all other creditors are paid in full, which seldom happens.

2.2 Voting Rights of Related Parties

It’s worth noting that family members cannot vote in favor of a proposal, only against it. This is to prevent relatives from having an unfair advantage over unrelated creditors.

Part 3: The Ethical Obligation to Repay

3.1 Higher Responsibility to Family and Friends

Debtors often feel a stronger moral obligation to repay debts to family members and friends. While this sentiment is understandable, the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act aims to treat all creditors equally.

3.2 Release of Debts

All debts, including those to family and friends, are discharged at the end of a bankruptcy or proposal. However, many debtors still repay their family or friends after the conclusion of the process, at which point the payment is legally considered a gift, not a loan repayment.

Part 4: The Challenges of Debt Repayment

4.1 Debt Repayment During Bankruptcy

Making payments to family or friends during a bankruptcy or consumer proposal can be problematic. This is due to the requirement for equal treatment of all creditors under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act.

4.2 Creating Two Classes of Creditors

It’s possible to create two classes of creditors—for example, family and others—and treat them differently in a proposal. This can be useful if you owe significant funds to family or friends or are having difficulty managing your debt load.

Part 5: Finding the Best Debt Solution

5.1 Consultation with Licensed Trustees

If debt management is becoming challenging, it may be beneficial to consult with a licensed trustee. This provides an opportunity to review available debt solutions and choose an approach that best suits your needs.

5.2 Debt Solutions Available

Different debt solutions are available depending on your financial situation. These can range from debt consolidation to consumer proposals and bankruptcy. A licensed trustee can guide you through these options.


Personal Loans Between Friends And Family What Happens is a complex issue that requires careful consideration. While the desire to help loved ones in financial need is commendable, it’s crucial to understand the potential implications, particularly when bankruptcy or a consumer proposal is involved. Consulting with a licensed trustee can help guide you through these complexities and find a solution that works for all parties involved.

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