What Is an Acceptable Debt-to-Income Ratio?

Understanding Acceptable Debt-to-Income Ratio

Debt-to-Income Ratio (DTI) is an important factor that determines your financial health. It’s a metric that compares the amount of debt you owe to your overall income. A better understanding of this ratio can help you manage your financial obligations more efficiently.

Defining Debt-to-Income Ratio (DTI)

Debt-to-Income Ratio (DTI) is a financial metric that evaluates your ability to manage and repay your debts. It’s a proportion of your total monthly debt payments to your gross monthly income. To express this ratio as a percentage, it’s multiplied by 100.

Formula: DTI = (total monthly debt payments / gross monthly income) * 100

As an example, if your monthly income is $4,000 and your monthly debt payments total $1,800, your DTI would be 45% ($1,800 / $4,000 * 100).

What’s in Your DTI?

To compute your DTI, you need to sum up all your monthly debt payments. This should include:

 

  • Mortgage or rent payments.
  • Car loan.
  • Credit card bills.
  • Personal loans.
  • Student loans.
  • Payday loans.
  • Child support or alimony payments (optional).

 

Income to Include

When calculating your DTI, you should include all sources of income you receive in a month. This should include:

 

  • Employment income.
  • Pension income.
  • Government benefits.
  • Student grants.
  • Support payments received.
  • Income from self-employment.

 

Acceptable Debt Levels Relative to Income

Depending on your DTI, you can determine whether you’re in a healthy financial situation or not:

 

30% or less:
You’re likely in a good financial situation.

31% to 42%:
You’re at the maximum range of acceptability.

43% to 49%:
This is a cause for concern.

50% or higher:
Start considering debt relief options.

Why Knowing Your DTI is Important

Loan Approvals

Even though DTI doesn’t impact your credit score, lenders often use it to evaluate your eligibility for credit. Credit scores and DTI together help lenders understand your creditworthiness and affordability.

Mortgage Affordability

For mortgage lenders, two ratios are essential: Gross Debt Service (GDS) and Total Debt Service (TDS) ratio.

Financial Risk

High DTI is often linked with increased risk of financial shocks.

Debt Repayment and Savings

A lower DTI enables you to save more as you have less debt to repay.

Lowering Your DTI

Bringing your DTI down to an acceptable range involves creating a debt repayment plan. You can also:

 

  • Avoid acquiring more debt.
  • Transfer debts to a low-rate loan or credit card.
  • Make significant payments towards your debt.

 

When Your DTI is Too High

If your DTI is too high, consider these debt relief options:

Debt Management Plan (DMP)

A DMP helps consolidate unsecured debts into a single, manageable monthly payment.

Debt Consolidation Options

Debt consolidation involves taking a new loan to pay off multiple debts. Debt consolidation loans typically have lower interest rates and monthly payments.

Seek Help from a Licensed Insolvency Trustee

Licensed Insolvency Trustees are regulated by the federal government to help individuals manage overwhelming debts.

In conclusion, understanding what an acceptable Debt-to-Income Ratio is, can be the key to maintaining sound financial health. It not only enables you to manage your debts better but also helps you avoid a potential financial crisis. So, calculate your DTI today and start your journey towards financial freedom.

Find Your Personal Debt Relief Solution

Licensed Insolvency Trustees are here to help. Get a free assessment of your options.

Discuss options to get out of debt with a trained & licensed debt relief professional.